Category: Mercados

These days everybody praises steve jobs, as the best thing since sliced bread and therefore, everyone is on youtube watching the “stay young, stay foolish!” video (in fact while i’m writing this, a friend of mine just walked in the room with a shinning, silver and white, brand new ipod in her hand, surely her boyfriend’s christmas present).
However, I do find this next video much more interesting (Atlas Shrugged reloaded i guess).

Michael O’Leary talks at a Brussels Convention – 2011


1ª Parte

2ª Parte

3ª Parte

The Greek Crisis Explained, Episode 1 from NOMINT on Vimeo.

The Greek Crisis Explained, Episode 2 from NOMINT on Vimeo.

The Greek Crisis Explained, Episode 3 from NOMINT on Vimeo.


Para referencia futura aqui fica a previsão de Vladimir Bukovsky.

estando eminente o pedido de ajuda pelos gregos ao FMI (o cupão dos títulos do tesouro grego a 10 anos, estão a cotar a 7.5%) parece ser já evidente a fuga de capital para fora do pais.

Retirado do blog de pedro teixeira bras

Sem surpresas, os clientes mais ricos dos bancos gregos, os que não estão abrangidos pela garantia dos depósitos, estão a abandonar a Grécia.

Local savers transferred about €10bn of deposits – equal to about 4.5 per cent of the total in the banking system – out of Greece in the first two months of the year, according to the central bank.

Como é evidente, isto cria um buraco de recursos que os bancos precisam de cobrir. Os bancos gregos estão cada vez mais dependentes do financiamento junto do BCE, com o mercado cada vez mais fechado aos seus pedidos.

Tudo indica que estes movimentos se deverão ter intensificado entretanto e deverão continuar no futuro próximo. A somar ao elevadíssimo défice externo, a Grécia vai ter que arranjar financiamento para substituir estes capitais em fuga (4% do PIB apenas nos dois primeiros meses do ano). Esta fuga de capitais vem juntar-se a um pesadelo de financiamento que já era gravíssimo.

Os bancos vão ser forçados a cortar drasticamente o crédito à economia, afundando não só a economia, como as contas públicas. Ou seja, está a acelerar-se o caminho para o default da Grécia.

Relembro que a Grécia deve ser encarada como um indicador avançado para Portugal. Tudo o que se está a passar na Grécia tem uma elevada probabilidade de se vir a passar em Portugal.

Estou cada vez mais abismado com o erro do BCP de não ter querido vender o seu banco na Grécia. Vão-se arrepender amargamente desta decisão.

Fiscal crises have a predictable pattern.

Step 1 occurs when the economy is prospering and tax revenues are growing faster than forecast.

Step 2 is when politicians use the additional money to increase government spending.

Step 3 is that politicians do not treat the extra tax revenue like a temporary windfall and budget accordingly.Instead, they adopt policies – more entitlements, more bureaucrats – that permanently expand the burden of the public sector.

Step 4 occurs when the economy stumbles (in part because more resources are being diverted from the productive sector to the government) and tax revenues stagnate. If the resulting fiscal gap is large enough, as it is in places such as Greece and California, a crisis atmosphere is created.

Step 5 takes place when politicians solemnly proclaim that “tough measures” are necessary, but very rarely does that mean a reversal of the policies that caused the mess. Instead, the result in higher taxes.

Greece is now at this stage. I’ve already argued that perhaps bankruptcy is the best option for Greece, and I showed the data proving that Greece has a too-much-spending crisis rather than a too-little-revenue crisis. I’ve also commented elsewhere about the feckless behavior of Greek politicians. Sadly, it looks like things are getting even worse. The government has announced a huge increase in the value-added tax, pushing this European version of a national sales tax up to 21 percent. On the spending side of the ledger, though, the government is only proposing to reduce bonuses that are automatically given to bureaucrats three times per year. Here’s an excerpt from the Associated Press report, including a typically hysterical responses from a Greek interest group:

“Government officials said the measures would include cuts in civil servant’s annual pay through reducing their Easter, Christmas and vacation bonuses by 30 percent each, and a 2 percentage point increase in sales tax to bring it to 21 percent from the current 19 percent. …One government official, speaking on condition of anonymity ahead of the official announcement, said…that “we have exhausted our limits.” …”It is a very difficult day for us … These cuts will take us to the brink,” said Panayiotis Vavouyious, the head of the retired civil servants’ association.”

Now, time for some predictions. It is unlikely that higher taxes and cosmetic spending restraint will solve Greece’s fiscal problem. Strong global growth would make a difference, but that also seems doubtful. So Greece will probably move to Step 6, which is a bailout, though it is unclear whether the money will come from other European nations, the European Commission, and/or the European Central Bank.

Step 7 is when politicians in nations such as Spain and Italy decide that financing spending (i.e., buying votes) with money from German and Dutch taxpayers is a swell idea, so they continue their profligate fiscal policies in order to become eligible for bailouts. Step 8 is when there is no more bailout money in Europe and the IMF (i.e., American taxpayers) ride to the rescue. Step 9 occurs when the United States faces a fiscal criss because of too much spending.

For Step 10, read Atlas Shrugged.

Daniel J. Mitchell • March 3, 2010 @ 1:53 pm